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    花花公子app 官方网站【dtulips.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。香港澳门胃的商贸有限公司(原迪庆醒坦客工艺品有限责任公司)成立于1998年,占地面积18144平方米,神州电子娱乐其中生产厂房占地3291平方米,仓库面积占地2512平方米。固定资产7196万元,流动资产2007万元,干部职工共816人,工程技术人员78人。花花公子app 官方网站--riodafterChina’sEntryintotheWTOGeYanfengVariouscontradictionsinChina’semploymentsectorhavebecomeextremelydominantinrecentyearsandhaveseriouslyaffectedthecountry’,howChina’semplo,ChinasentryintotheWTOwillbringaboutlastingprosperityofitseconomyandfacilitatetheperfectionofitsmarketeconomicsystem,whichwill,however,afterChinaacceptedatpresent,ChinasentryintotheWTOwill,China’semploymentsituationinthetransitionalperiodafteritsentryintotheWTOdoesnotallowmuchoptimismwhenthecountry,withthegradualbreakingdownoftradebarriers,Chinawillenterastageofeconomicdevelopmentthatismoreopenandinvolvesfiercercompetition,andatremendouschangewilltakeplaceinthemodeofitseconomicgrowth,andontheotherhand,technicaladvancementwillgraduallybecomeamajorforcedrivingupeconomicgrowthan,theroleofGDPgrowthinstimulat’shiddenemploymentwillsurf’sentryintotheWTO,domesticmarketpriceswillfureofagriculture,declineinthepricesoffarmproducewillaffecttheincomeoffarmers,surbanareaswhereenterprisereformhasresultedinadrasticcutofsurpluslaborers,yetsuchsurpluspersonnelinstate-ownedenterprisesandcollectively-ownedtownshipenterprisesstillremainat20%ormoreaccordingtoaconservative’sentryintotheWTOandwiththeintensificationofcompetition,risesexposedtoheavierpressurefromimportcompetition,andthosewithrelative’sentryintotheWTO,thenumberofemployeestob’semberofbigcitiesin1997,andtheanalysisoftherelevantdataandindexesof1997and1998,therealunemploymentrateinurbanareaswasbetween13%and15%in1997and1998whenthenumbersofthejoblessandlaid-offworkerswereincluded.*ThespeedofChinaseconomicgrowthhasnoticeablypickedupsince1999,,therealunemploymentratestillstandsaround10%sentryintotheWTO,unemploymentwillturnfromhiddentovisibletoalargeextent,anditwillbemostpossibletoseeChina’sunemploymentratesurpass15%sentryintotheWTO,itseconomyupplyanddemandoflaborforcesindiff,swiftdevelopmentwillberegisteredinsuchsectorsasfinance,insurance,telecommunications,anddistributionaswellassomehi-techenterprises,,clothing,co,agreatmanycapitalandtechnology-intensiveindustriesthathavebeendevelopedtoboostproductionofimportsubstitutes,suchasmetallurgy,automobile,machine-building,pharmaceutics,andchemicals,mayinevitablysufferandhavetocutemployeesinlargenumberechnicalfoundation,ahigherdegreeofopenness,andobviousregionalsuperioritymayexpecttoseerelativelyfaster,smallandmedium-sizedcitiesinthecentralandwesternregions,wheresmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswithbackwardtechnologyandequipmentareconcentrated,theywillmeetevengreate,state-ownedenterpriseswillhaveamorethornyburdenofredundantemployeesandfaceaheaviertaskofstructuralreadjustmentanddivertingredundantworkersafterChina,thenon-statesectorwillhavemoreroomfor,forseveralyearsafteritsentryintotheWTO,Chinawillbeencounteredwithaverytoughcontradictionofstructuralemployment,andunemploymentwouldbeextraordinarilysevereinspecialindustries,oldindustrialbases,smallandmedium-sizedcitiesincentralandwesternregionsaswelketandbecomeunemployedforlongperiodoftime....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.WangXiyuLocatedtotheeastofRiyueandHelanMountainRanges,westofTaihangMountainRanges,northofQinlingMountainRangesandsouthoftheGreatWall,theLoessPlateaucharacterizedwithanerosiontopographicforminNorthwestChina,has,accordingtothecalculationsbyexpertsconcerned,anareaofabout360,000squarekilometersinhabitedbyapopulationofmorethan62millionin217counti,ationofthepoorpopulationinoueisnotonlytheeagerdesiringofthelocalpeople,b,itwillhaveasignificantimpactontheecologicalenvironmentandeconomicdevelopmentofthemiddleandlowerreachesoftheYellowRiver,sinstructionof"RecreatingaNorthwestRegionwithBeautifulMountainsandRivers"andguidedbythecontrolstrategyproposedbyPremierZhuRongji,thatis,"Returningarablelandtoforests(pastures),cordoningoffmountainsforforeststogrow,reliefthroughpaymentwithgrainandindividuallandcontracting,"peopleinthoseareashavestartedamassive,larg,controlsoilerosionandrestoreecologicalbalanceisinessenceareadjustmentofrelationshipbetweenmankindandnature,obedoneinpoverty-hitareas,wheret"itsdifficulttodotheworkofreturningarablelandtoforests,butitsevenmoredifficulttoensurethereisnorecurrence."Therefore,theoverallsituationshouldbetakenintorelationsbetweenmankindandresourcesandenvironment,butalsoacorrectpolicytopromsconceptsoastomakethemchangetheirtraditionalconceptandfarminghabit,,theprominentproblemsinthoseareasatpresentincludeasluggisheconomicdevelopmentintheregion,difficultiesinincreasingfarmersincome,excessively,properlyresolvethoseproblems,andbringintofullplaytheinitiativesoffarmersandalltheforcesofthesociety––––alltheseconstitutethekeyfactorsconcerningyoftheLoessPlateauinaccordancewiththerequirementsofableforlivestock,agricultureandforestry,,thepropurecharacterizedwithextensivecultivationhasremainedthemainformof,,thestrategyistomakeutmosteffortstodeveloplivestockonthebasisofcapitalconstructionoffarmland,,livestockcanbeexpectedtotakeupmorethan50%-60%,,afundamentalmeasureistoshiftthefocustostall-feeding-basedanimalhusbaivestockandproductqualityandincreaseincome,itcanalsopreventdomesticanimalsfromdestroyingtheve,whileimprovingecologicalenvironment,effortsmustbemadetoacceleratedevelopmentoftheindustryofgrassplantingandfodderprocessing,(pastures)andimprovingecologicalenvironment,earnestmeasuresmustbetakentoensuretheincreaseinfarmers,mostofthefarmersontheLoessPlateauhavebasicallysolvedtheproblemoffoodgrain,andtheirdifficultiesarethelackofcash,poordwellingconditions,andbackwardnessinmedicalconditions,hestatemaymaintain(pastures),theactualincomeoffarmersislikelytofallbecausetheamountofretained-fundscollect,measstrialrestructuring,plansshouldbemadetoallowfarmerstoplantacertainamountofcashforestinplaceswherearablelandisreturnedtoforests(pastures)soastoincreasetheirincomeundercertainconditionsandpossibilities,whileecologically-friendlyforestsandgrass,vigoroussupportshouldbegiventothedevelopmentoflocalsuctioninfarmers,agriculturaltaxandspeciallocalproducttaxesonfarmandforestryproductscanbereducen-statesubsidizedschoolteachers,thetrainingofmilitiaandpreferentialtreatmentgiventothefamiliesofservicemenandmartyrs,w,thereducedincomeoflocalgovernmentsresultingfrombanningthefellingofnaturalforestsshouldb,particularlythoseareaswithoutwater,electricityandroadswherefarmersliveinascatteredway,thefarmers"havebeenlivingoffthemountain"ecol,thepopulationgrowthinthoseareasisoftenoutofcontrol,thusformingaviciouscircleof"thepoorer,themorebirths,andthemorebirths,thepoorer;thepoorer,themorelandreclamation,andthemorelandreclamation,thepoorer."Inrecentyears,somepoverty-hitmountainousareastookmigrationworkasanimportantmeasureofshakingoffpoverty,,thiskindofmigrationwasaimedatgettingridofpovertyanddominatedbythemigrationofindividualfarmers,,itissuggestedthatthepositiveroleofmigrationinrestoringecologicalenvironmentbeenhancedandtheworkofmigrationbeincorporatedintokeymeasuresofreturningarablelandtoforests(pastures)andprotectingecologicalenvironment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    Source:thefiguresfor1986wereesti“ElectronicsIndustryYearBook”forfiguresforthe“SeventhFive-YearPlan”andfor1991~,fastgrowthandledbyPC,isbasicallyconsistentwiththeinternationaltrend,thedifferencebeingonlythattherap,theproportionofPCinthecomputermarketisnearly90%inChina,whichishigherthanthatintheUSandJapan,whereitisabout70%.grewrapidlyfrommerelyUS$640millionin1991toUS$$80millionin1993toUS$,includingoverseas-fundedenterprises,ticsoftheformerElectronicsMinistry,computerandconcernedproductsinChinain1996weresoldtocustomerswiththefollowingproportions:financial/insuranceandmanufactureindustries18%,serviceindustry9%,transportation8%,telecommunications8%,educationandresearchinstitutions7%,energyandgovernmentorganisations6%,andhouseholds4%.However,thepr,ofthePCsalesinChina,%in1997andwillbeover30%by2000.(II)Thecomputerindust,cationoftheformationofanindustryistysystemwasonly191in1991withatotalemploymentoflessthan100,,thenumberofenterprisesconductingdevelopment,manufacture,sales,consultationserviceofcomputerandrelatedproductsreached15,000in1995,withanemploymentof300,,morethan1,000manufacturersemployedsome100,000staff,morethan1,000softwareenterprisesemployed80,000staffandsome13,000enterprisesinsalesandserviceemployedsome120,000staff....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.MiJianguo,’sBankingIndustryAsanimportantpartofitsopening-uppolicy,,foreignbankshavedevelopedrapidlyinChina,approximatelyexperiencingthreestages:Firststage,since1979,,Chinaapprovedtheopeningofthefirstrepresentativeofficeoftheforeign-investedbank,,31foreig’,since1981,Chinaapprovedt,foreignbankswereapprovedtosetuptrialoperativeinstitutionsinfivespecialeconomiczones,includingShenzhen,,Nanya,Shanghaibecamethecoastalopeningcitythatintroducedfo,theregionsallowedtointrod,,23citiesandHa,in1983and1985,tworegulations–"ManagementMeasuresofthePeople’sBankofChinaforRepresentativeOfficesofOverseas-investedandForeign-investedFinancialInstitutionsinChina"andthe"RegulationsofthePeople’sRepublicofChinafortheManagementofForeignBanksandSino-foreignJointVentureBanksinSpecialEconomicZones"–wereissuedrespectivelytoputtheint,the"RegulationsofthePeople’sRepublicofChinafortheManagementofForeign-investedFinancialInstitutions"wasissued,,since1996,,selectedforeignbankswereallowedtohandleRenminbibusinessinShanghai’:Renminbidepositandcredit,settlement,guarantee,,thecentralbankapprovedeightforeignbankshandlingRenminbibusinessinPudong,,theStateannouncedthatallthecentral,theforeignbanks’businessscopeinShanghaiandShenzhenwereexpanded,theywereallowedtodob,thecentralbankalsoadoptedaseri,whenforeign-banksareshortoffunds,thecentralba,theforeignbanksareallowedtoissuesignificant-amoun,theforeignbanksareallowedtojoinintheissuingofrenminbisyndicatedloans,,theforei,therateoftotalRenminbidebttoitstotalforeignexchangecanberelaxedfrom50%to35%.In1997,aftertheAsianfinancialcrisisbrokeout,especiallyduetotheshockofeventof"Guangxin",,foreignbanks’,,’assetsinChina(1991-2000)10-200米LuZhongyuanResearchReportNo139,2002Abstract:Thisarticlefirstanalysedthestatisticindicators,includingthegrowthrateofdomesticnon-governmentinvestment,itsproportionintotalsocialinvestmentasbeenacceleratinganwthofnon-governmentinvestment,andeventuallyputforwardseveral:non-governmentinvestmentstatusproposalStatisticalanalysesdemonstratethatnon-governmentinvestmenthasbeenacceleratinginrecentlyyearsanditsproportreasing,,,thegrowthofnon-governme,ofinvestmentsmadebythestateeconomy,theforeign,HongKong,MacaoandTaiwaninvestorsandthetotalsociety;ofwhich,,Chinahassuccessivelyissuedtreasurybondsintheinvestmentsectortopullthegrowthofoveralldemandforinvestment,,totalsocialinvestmentincreasedby13%,,withmajorbeneficiarybeingthestateeconomy,treasurybondsinvestm,peoplehavebeenw,however,itwasonlyin1998thatthegrowthofinvestmentmadebythestateeconomywash,therespectiveratesofgrowthofinvestmentsmadebythecollective,privateandothereconomieswereallhigherthanthatofthestateeconomyingeneral;ofwhich,thegrowthofinvestmentmadeby"othereconomies"wasover28%fortwoconsecutiveyears(seeTable1).Amongvarioustypesofeconomies,,,%,investmentmadebytheforeign,HongKong,,%.Theaveragegrowthrateofdomesticnon-governmentinvestmentisnotonlyhigherthanthatofthestateeconomy,,th%,%,%%;%,%,%%perannum,tofthestateinvestment,theproportionofinvestmentmadebyjointstockeconomyisgrowingremarkably,theproportionbyinvestmentbyforeign,HongKong,MacaoandTaiwaninvestorsisdropping,whilethedependencylevelofthewholesocialinvestmentongovernmentdirectinvestmentisdecreasingInthepastfewyears,theproportionofdomesticnon-governmentinvestmentinthetotalinvestmentofthewholesocietycontinuouslydemonstratedagrowingtrend,whiletheproportionsofinvestmentmadebythestateeconomyandtheforeign,HongKong,,theproportionsofstateinvestment,domesticnon-governmentinvestmentandforeign,HongKong,%,%%%,%%,theproportionofdomesticnon-government,,,theproportionofinvestmentofthecollectiveeconomyfellslowlyby2percentagepoints,andtheproportionofinvestmentofforeign,HongKong,,theproportionofinvestmentofprivateeconomy,especiallythatofthejointstockeconomy,,,theproportionofstateinvestmentinthewholesocietygrewmarginallyin1998and1999,,%%.Meanwhile,amongchangesintheproportionsofnon-governmentinvestment,%%,%%,andthatofothereconomiesgrewfrom18%%,ofwhich,%%(seeTable2).Thisindicatedthatwhiletreasurybondsinvestmentconcentratedinthestatesector,domesticnon-governmentinvestmentwasgettingmoreandmoreactive,andtheinvestmentofthejointstockeconomywasespeciallyvigorousandsawthefastestofgrowth.。

    大发AG水果拉霸WangWeiSince2001,thedevelopmentofChina’sconsumergoodsmarkethasbeenonasteadygrowingtrend,andgrowingconsumerdemandhasbecomean,theconsumergoods(I).,,%overthepreviousyear,,allmonths,excludingthefirstquarterinwhichthegrowthratefluctuated,%to11%(asshowninChart1).Inthesecond,thirdandfourthquarter,%,%%respectively,,,againstthebackgroundofalowretailpricelevel,,,,thecontributionrateofthedomesticconsumptiondemandstotheGDPgrowthwas51%,featuringthestimulationofdomesticdemands,hadpaidoff,andthesteadyandfastgrowthoftheconsumergoodsmarkethasbecomeanimportantfactorsupportingtheChineseeconomicgrowth.(II).,theoverallConsumerPriceIndices(CPI)%rise,%%,:First,,itroseslowlyfromJanuarytoMay,%%,,NovemberandDecemberdropped,andinDecember,%,,thepriceleveloffood,medicalandhealthcareanddailynecessitiesremainedbasicallyunchanged,thepricelevelofhousing,andrecreation,culture,%%,clothing,householdappliancesandservice,,thepriceofclothing,%%respectivelyoverthesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,thepricelevelindifferentregionswasunbalanced,,theCPIof18provinces,,42%oftheprovinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesregisteredarisingpricetrend,butthepercentageroseto68%,theCPIofruralresidentsforthefirsttimereversedthedeclinetrendforthreeconsecutiveyearsandbegantorise,%overthepreviousyear(%in2000).GeYanfeng,DongKeyong,YangYansui,DingNingningResearchReport,,2000(Total1294),,:whatkindofasystemshouldbeestablished,andcanitbeestablishedgiventhepresentconditionsofChinaThisseriousproblemhasbeendiscussedformanyyearsbuttherehasn’,itisnecessarytoconductdiscussionsontherelevantissues.(I)MajorPointsofViewonthisIssueTherearevariousopinionsinacademiccirclesonwhatkindofmodetobechosenforChina,,acompletepay-as-you-go(PAYG)ge;thatitcaolvesnoincentiveandmayincurconsiderablefinancialcrisiswhenthenation’spopulationismtoindividuals;thatthepracticeofdecidingpaymentaccordingtoincomecanavoidtheriskofhavingtopayunbearablyhighpensionswhenthepopulationgetsaged;andthatalargesumofcompulsorylong-termsavingsthusaccumulatedwillprovideastrongfinancialsupportforthenation,susce"partialaccumulation".Thisconcepthasbeenverypopulheminimumpensionsecurityandfacilitatetheneedformutualcomplement;thesecondpartshallbe"multi-pillarmode"."partialaccumulation"isthatinthenearterm,,tocollectasmuchaspossiblemoneysoastomakeupforthedeficitthatwillturnupduringthepeakperiodofacountbutdefinethefunctionofpersonalaccountas"nominalaccount",whichservesoto’ta"unified"pt,organizationalframeandmanagementmethod,,nearlyeverycountryisconstantlyreformingitspensionsecuritysysandareindifferentstagesofeconomicdevelopment,thereis,onthetargetmode,weshouldfullyconsiderChina’sconditionsands(II)FactorstobeSeriouslyConsideredWhenChoosingtheBasicTargetModeThepensionsecuritysystemistheessentialpartofthesocialsecuritysystemaswellasoneofnationalb,,Chinaisadevelopingcountrywithalargepopulationandalowlevelofeconomicdevelopment;thereisanapparentgapbetweencitiesandcountryside;,pensionsecuritysystemorganizedbytheChinesegovernmentcanbenomorethananelementarysecuritysystemwithlowstandard,promotingtheeconomicgrowthandraisingtheeconomicefficiencyaretheprimetaskforChinaini,socialstabilizerisnottheonlyfunctionofpensionsecuritysystem,whichshouldalsoprovideincentivesinfavourofeconomicgrowth,includingencouragingcitizenstow,becauseoftherapidgrowthofpopulationduringthe1950sand1960sandthestrictimplementationofthefamilyplanningpolicysincethebeginningofthe1970s,,ourpensionsecuritysystemmustbesustainabletothepressurebroughtalongbytheagingofpopulationduringthepe,China,asChinaisinthestageofrapidindustrializationandurbanization,,,thenewp,asChinaisprogressingtowardsanewsystemofsocialistmarketeconomy,attentionshouldbegiventoseparatingther,theeconomicrestructuringwiththedevelopmentofvariousformsofeconomicownershipandheavyburdensofstate-ownedenterprisesandfve-mentionedsixissuesintheefforttochoosethetargetmodeduringthereformofthepensionsecuritysystem.(III)SuggestedModeofPensionSecuritySystemandItsInstitutionalFrameGiventheaforementionedconditionsofChina,eveniftheissuessuchasincentiveareignored,thepressureofpopulationagingalonewouldmakeit’twork,thepracticeof"operatingonblankaccount",whichisnotsubstantiallydifferentfromthepracticeofpay-as-you-gosystemintermsofthewayoffundoperation,wonspensionsecuritysysteminrecentyearshasjustifiedthisunderstanding.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.MiJianguo,’sBankingIndustryAsanimportantpartofitsopening-uppolicy,,foreignbankshavedevelopedrapidlyinChina,approximatelyexperiencingthreestages:Firststage,since1979,,Chinaapprovedtheopeningofthefirstrepresentativeofficeoftheforeign-investedbank,,31foreig’,since1981,Chinaapprovedt,foreignbankswereapprovedtosetuptrialoperativeinstitutionsinfivespecialeconomiczones,includingShenzhen,,Nanya,Shanghaibecamethecoastalopeningcitythatintroducedfo,theregionsallowedtointrod,,23citiesandHa,in1983and1985,tworegulations–"ManagementMeasuresofthePeople’sBankofChinaforRepresentativeOfficesofOverseas-investedandForeign-investedFinancialInstitutionsinChina"andthe"RegulationsofthePeople’sRepublicofChinafortheManagementofForeignBanksandSino-foreignJointVentureBanksinSpecialEconomicZones"–wereissuedrespectivelytoputtheint,the"RegulationsofthePeople’sRepublicofChinafortheManagementofForeign-investedFinancialInstitutions"wasissued,,since1996,,selectedforeignbankswereallowedtohandleRenminbibusinessinShanghai’:Renminbidepositandcredit,settlement,guarantee,,thecentralbankapprovedeightforeignbankshandlingRenminbibusinessinPudong,,theStateannouncedthatallthecentral,theforeignbanks’businessscopeinShanghaiandShenzhenwereexpanded,theywereallowedtodob,thecentralbankalsoadoptedaseri,whenforeign-banksareshortoffunds,thecentralba,theforeignbanksareallowedtoissuesignificant-amoun,theforeignbanksareallowedtojoinintheissuingofrenminbisyndicatedloans,,theforei,therateoftotalRenminbidebttoitstotalforeignexchangecanberelaxedfrom50%to35%.In1997,aftertheAsianfinancialcrisisbrokeout,especiallyduetotheshockofeventof"Guangxin",,foreignbanks’,,’assetsinChina(1991-2000)花花公子app 官方网站重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,LuWeiResearchReportNo160,2000Difficultiesinfund-raisingbysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(“SMEs”):First,someoftheseenterprisesdonothavesufficientmortgages,,,mostofthebusinessesundertakenbytheseenterprisesareofacompetitivecharacter,inwhichbankruptcyratioandbigrisksinfund-raisingarecomparativelyhigh,,thegovernmentsofmanycountrieshaveformulatedcorrespondingpo,includingcreditguaranteewithgovernmentparticipation,mutualguaranteebetweenSMEsthemselves,,thegovernmentsofmanycountriesandregionshavetakentheestablishmentofacreditguaranteesystemforSMEswithgovernmentparticipationasanimportantpolicytosupportSMEs,tes,JapanandTaiwanProvinceofChinaTheUnitedStates,JapanandTaiwanhavea,however,tparticipation(1).Withgovevernmentallocations,orsuppliedbygovernments,financialinstitutions,,thefundsearmarkedforSmallBusinessCreditGuaranteeProgramintheUnitedStatesareprovideddirectlybythefed,thecapitalfundsofthecoffersofcreditinsurancefinancialcoffersofSMEs,localgovernments,,thedonationtionsfromthegovernment,banks,andfinancialinstitutions,withgovernmentdonationsaccountingfor80percentofthetotal.(2).Itisnotanecessitythatallguaranteeinstitutionsfun,thefundsoftheSmallBusinessCreditGuaranteePrograminitiatedbythefederalgovernmentoftheUnitedStatescomeexclusivelyfromappropriationsofthefederalgovernmentbutareexecutedandmanagedbytheSmallBusinessAdministration,,thefundscomefromtheirrespectivegovernments,butareactuallyoperatedbyassociations,fundsandotherspecializedorganizations,underthesupervisionofgovernmentadministrations.(3).Theguarante,intheUnitedStatesandTaiwanProvince,thesystemofone-tierguaranteeinstitutionswithlocalbrancheshasbeenintroduced,whileinJapan,thesystemofmulti-tierguaranteehasbeeninstalled:guaranteefromthecreditinsurancecoffersattcetolocalcreditguaranteeassociations,withthereinsuranceratiostandingat70-80percent.(4).TheformsoalappropriationstoreplenishthecreditguaranteefundsforSMEs,withcompensationsforgua,thefederalgovernmentoftheUnitedStatesmakesbudgetary,however,haveanirregularsourceoffundreplenishment,,therefore,compensationsforguaationAlltheprojectsofcreditguarantees,governmentguaranteeprogramsallcontainclear-cutrequirementonthesizesandcharactersoftheobjectsofguarantee,andalltheg,itisclarifiedthatemphasiswouldbeputonenterprisesthatcannotobtainloansorfundingthroughnormalchannelsoffund-raising,referringmainlytothosesmallenterprisest,allguaranteeprogramshaonofemployment,supporttoSMEsinexportandtechnicalupgrading,replenishmentofseasonalworkingcapital,fdevelopmentandadoptdifferentmanagementsystems,,theguaranteeprogramoftheUnitedStatesisdesignedtoprovideguaranteetosomespecialcommunities,includingenterprisesrunbywomen,thedisabled,demobilizedarmymenorminoritypeople,,istailoredtotheindustrialpoliciesofthegovernmentandbasedmainlyindustrialpolicies,,itemsofguaranteetoundertakingsofcreationbyyoungpeopleanddevelopmentofnamebrandsbyenterpriseshavebeenestablishedunderthecreditguaranteefundsinlinewiththegovernmentprogramforthedevelopmentofSMEs,focusingonsupporttosmallbusinessofanewundertakingcharacter....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiuShouyingInChina’sdevelopmentduringthepast50years,anumberofsignificantpolicyerrorshavatedlandwasabouttobeexhausted,Chinahadnootherchoicebuttoenforcecompulsorypoliciestocontresourcesthroughsuchcompulsorycontrolmeasures,Chinaissearchi,torestrainpeople’,greatcaremustbetakenwhenanalyzingtheimpactonpopulationgrowthresultingfromarrangementsmadeinthelandsystembecauselandsystemhasauniquecharacterandChina’’scollectivelandownershipsystem:AnendogenousmechanismstimulatingpopulationgrowthChina’straditionalcollectivelandownershipsystemkindividualpeasantfamiliesasbasicunitsandwhichh,whousedtohaveindependentproductionandmanagementdecisionrights,“membersofcollectives”,,thegainsofpeasantsaslaborersand,afamilycange,thecostofanewfamilymemberwasnotentirelybornebythefamily,everylaborercapableofbearingoffspringwouldontheonehandrelyonhisorherageadvantagetoworkforworkpoints;andontheotherhandalsotogivebirthtomorechildren,,suchawelfaredistrirameworkofthelandownershipinthecollectivizationera,itcollageshouldbeinpossesindingwaystodeterminehowmuchrossiblechangesthatmightappearinthecommunity’spres;“grainrationland”amongthepopulationanddistributethe“responsibilityland”amongthelaborers;threearrangementsoftheredistributionoflandrightsandbenefitsmentio,inactualityunderthethreeright-and-benefitarrangementsmentiualamountoflandrightsandbenefitonlywithregardtothe“grainrationland.”Whenitcomestothe“responsibilityland”onlythoseofve-meestsinthecourseofreform,wecitedatageneratedbytrcapitanetincomesorwithbetterlandendowmentpreferlessegalitarianarrangements;andthosewithlowerpercapita,%ofthevillagesinZhejiangProvincechosethethirdarrangement,,%%ofvillagesinZhejiangandJilinrespecti,differencesappearedwhenquestionedwhether,atthetimeoffixingfarmoutputquotasonthehouseholdbasis,considerationwasgiventoadjuafterfamilysizeschanged(10%and8%respectively).Mostofthevillageschosenottoundergoredistribution(40%and44%respectively).Inshar%ofvillagesresp:0%%respectively....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.GuoLihongEconomicrestructuringtakesplaceconstantly,independentofpeople’sawareness,ngthemselvesinarelativewaywhencomparedwithothercountries,andthemostevirestructuring,anditcanachieveeitherafavorableoranunfavorableresult,,namely,thelarge-scaletransnationalflowofproductionfactors,large-scaletransnationalinvestmentofindustrialcapital,,anditincludesboththeemergenceofsunriseindustriesandenterprises,andthageisinnatureaprocessofstrengtheningtheeconomybothquantitativelyandqualitatively,,EuropeisonaparwiththeUS,,therearerelativelybigdifferencesamongEurope,,,,spontaneousevolutionprocess,nomenaandmarketdevelopment,,itisanorganiccombinationofaseriesofsocialandmarketfactors(education,culture,capital,technology,humantalents,industrialorganizationsandbusinessenvironment),butit’,thegovernmentsofvariouscountriesarelearningfromtheUSexperienceandhavestrengthenedsystembuildup,encoura,governmentalcapitalhas,theFrenchJospinGovernmentcreatedaventureinvestmentfundbytransferringreturingofemergingindustrializedcountriesandregions(representedbytheFourLittleAsianDragons).rrecttheirmistakes,andit’g-timeaccumulationofindustrialandcommercialcapitalofac,anyfailureinfence-mendingwillmakeitimposs,thecommonfocusofthestructuraladjustmentoftheFourLittleDragons(andinaweakersenseotherASEANcountries),itisashort-termmeasuretakenforthesakeofeconomicsecurity,whichisaime,Malaysiare-openeditsforeigncurrencyexchangemarket,andHongKonghandedbacktoinvestorsthe“officialstocks”,fence-mending,SouthKoreaincludedsomespecialmeasuresrelatedtoenterpriserestructuringinitsstructuraladjustmentprograms,suchasencouragingthedevelopmentofsmalla:(1)topromotethebirthandgrowthofhi-techenterprisesthroughintegratedpolicies;(2)toopenwidertothe,SouthKoreaiswillingtotakepoliticalrisks(duetodifferentsocialandculturalbackground)."shocktherapy"havecometorealizethatanyeconomicrestructuringrandomlydrivenbythemarketforceintheabsenceofbasiclawsandeffectivemechanismsonlyresultedin"shocks"withoutany"therapies".Thisisthe“post-Washingtonconsensus”.FormostformerSovietrepublicsandeasternEuropeancountriesintransformation,itseemsnottobetherighttimenowtotalkaboutanyactive,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiuShijin,LuZhongyuan,LongGuoqiang,WangXu,,China’,fundamentallyspeaking,isanissueofcounteri,themostdirectandoutstandingist,thechallengesfacingthegovernmentaftertheWTOentrya,themanagementsysteminvolvingforeigninterests,underthebackgroundofChina’saccessionintotheWTO,itisnecessarytoadjustthesystemandpoliciesinvolvingforeigninterestsnotincompliancewiththeWTOrules,andontheotherhand,itisalsomostimportantthatgreateffortsshouldbemadeindeepeningthemarket-orientedreforms,thepositioningofthegovernmentroleiscrucial,andoneofthefun,thatis,thegovernment,underthemarketeconomicsystem,maycontinuetoplayitsimportantroleinresourcesallocationbyresortingtotoolsasdirectandforcefulinterventionandindustrialpolicie,SouthKoreaandotherEastAsiancountriesandregionsastheirexample,indicating,mainlyortothemaximum,,butitsroleshallbemainlyreflectedinnurturing,luenceoftraditionalplannedeconomy,thestressingth,ourstate-ownedeconomicsectorstilltakesalion’sshareintheeconomy,themarketroleisstillrestrictedbymanyfactors,overstressonthegovernment’sforcefulinterventionandindustrialpoliciescouldeasilyevolveintoprotectionforbackwardenterprises(mainlystate-ownedenterprises)andindustries,andaffectthenormalnurturingofthemarketandfaircompetition,thus,,particularlyaftertheAsianfinancialcrisis,thepracticeofsupportingthedevelopmentofsomeenterprisesandindustriesthroughforcefulgovernmentinterventionandindustrialpoliciesshalldrawalessonfromtheexperiencesofsomeEastAsiancountriesandregions,,itismoreimportan’sparticipationintheprocessofeconomicgveadvantages,,inessence,,thisdoesnotmeanthatwedenytheroleofthegovernment,butwe"marketfriendly,"andthegovernmentshallplaceitsattentionandthestartingpoi,theeffectivenessofthemarketreflectstheeffectivenessofthegovernment,andwhetherornotagovernmentisefficient,toalargeextent,,marketeconomyandopenecono,thegovernmentinChinaatthecurrentstagenotonlyneedstosafeguardthemarket,butalsoneedstoparticipatein"cultivating"themarket,becausethereexistseveralimportantfactorsconstitutingChina’,Chinaisstilladevelopingcountryandintheprocessofindustrialization,andmorethanh,italsofaceswiththeopp,thedevelopmentofmarketcouldnotbefreedfromlimitationsofindustrializationlevel,andtheresponsibilityassumedbythegovernment,China,asavastandmostpopulouscountry,still,allregionshavedevelopedrapidly,butregionalgap,particularlythegapbetweenthesoutheastcoastalareasandthecentralandwesternregions,,therealsoexistdifferencesinmarketdevelopment,socialorganizationalstructure,,thegovernmentassumesanarduousresponsibilityinsafeguardingsocialjusticeandpromotingcoordinateddevelopmentoftheregions,,althoughChina’seconomictransformationhasmadesignificantprogress,,ontheonehand,callsforatransformationofthegovernmentfunctionsandagreatreductionofadministrativeintervention,ontheotherhand,itstillhastorelyonthegovernmenttoplaysomespecialrole,suchaspromotingthestrategicreorganizati,theaforementionedseveralfactorscallonthegovernmenttoplayabiggerroleinsteaysitsrole,anditislikelyt,themostimportantisnot"howbig"thegovernmentroleis,buttherationalityofits"positioning"and"scope."...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ChinaEntrepreneurSurveySystemResearchReportNo212,2001TheChineseentrepreneurssurvey2001wasorganizedbytheChineseEntrepreneur,000questionnaireswereissuedinmid-August2001,ofwhich4,’s31provinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesdirectlyunderthecentralgovernment,exceptHongKong,,state-owedandnon-state-ownedenterprisesrespectivelyaccountedfor31percentand69percent,andthelarge,,,generalmanagers,chiefexecutiveofficers,nincl,thesurveycoveredcorporatesystemchange,economicrestructuring,marketeconomicorderregulationandChina’wnturnintheUnitedStatesandJapan,China’’smacroeconomicperform,however,entrepreneursbelievedthatproblemssuchassaggingeffectivedemandandfinancingrestraintswerestillimpedingthedevelopmentofenterprisesandthatteadyprog’songoingeconomicrestructuringwastodevelophigh-anditutedthekeytocopingwithChina’sWTOacces,theybelievedthatcorporategovernanceneededfurtherimprovementandhopedthatthegovernmentcouldfurtherregulatemarketeconomicorder,,China’,however,thedemandforChina’sexportswa,ingeneral,,“normal”.“rathercool”or“toocool”.Thisproportionisroughlyidenticalwiththatinlastyear’ssurvey,’smacroeconomicoperationthisyearhaslargelymaintainedthegooddevelopmenttrendsince2000(seethefollowingfigure).Figure1ProportionofEntrepreneursBelievingMacroeconomicOperationWas“RatherCool”or“TooCool”inRecentYears、花花公子app 官方网站用户至上战神官网appGuoLihongEconomicrestructuringtakesplaceconstantly,independentofpeople’sawareness,ngthemselvesinarelativewaywhencomparedwithothercountries,andthemostevirestructuring,anditcanachieveeitherafavorableoranunfavorableresult,,namely,thelarge-scaletransnationalflowofproductionfactors,large-scaletransnationalinvestmentofindustrialcapital,,anditincludesboththeemergenceofsunriseindustriesandenterprises,andthageisinnatureaprocessofstrengtheningtheeconomybothquantitativelyandqualitatively,,EuropeisonaparwiththeUS,,therearerelativelybigdifferencesamongEurope,,,,spontaneousevolutionprocess,nomenaandmarketdevelopment,,itisanorganiccombinationofaseriesofsocialandmarketfactors(education,culture,capital,technology,humantalents,industrialorganizationsandbusinessenvironment),butit’,thegovernmentsofvariouscountriesarelearningfromtheUSexperienceandhavestrengthenedsystembuildup,encoura,governmentalcapitalhas,theFrenchJospinGovernmentcreatedaventureinvestmentfundbytransferringreturingofemergingindustrializedcountriesandregions(representedbytheFourLittleAsianDragons).rrecttheirmistakes,andit’g-timeaccumulationofindustrialandcommercialcapitalofac,anyfailureinfence-mendingwillmakeitimposs,thecommonfocusofthestructuraladjustmentoftheFourLittleDragons(andinaweakersenseotherASEANcountries),itisashort-termmeasuretakenforthesakeofeconomicsecurity,whichisaime,Malaysiare-openeditsforeigncurrencyexchangemarket,andHongKonghandedbacktoinvestorsthe“officialstocks”,fence-mending,SouthKoreaincludedsomespecialmeasuresrelatedtoenterpriserestructuringinitsstructuraladjustmentprograms,suchasencouragingthedevelopmentofsmalla:(1)topromotethebirthandgrowthofhi-techenterprisesthroughintegratedpolicies;(2)toopenwidertothe,SouthKoreaiswillingtotakepoliticalrisks(duetodifferentsocialandculturalbackground)."shocktherapy"havecometorealizethatanyeconomicrestructuringrandomlydrivenbythemarketforceintheabsenceofbasiclawsandeffectivemechanismsonlyresultedin"shocks"withoutany"therapies".Thisisthe“post-Washingtonconsensus”.FormostformerSovietrepublicsandeasternEuropeancountriesintransformation,itseemsnottobetherighttimenowtotalkaboutanyactive,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhaoJinpingAfteritsWTOaccession,Chinahasbeenfacingadualstrategictaskofacceleratingopeningupandexpeditingstructuraladjustmentinordertorespondtothenewchangesininternationaldivisionof,analyzingthebasicfeaturesofforeign-investedindustriesandtheirimpactonstructuralupgradingisofvitalimportanceforstudyingandformulatingindustrialprialenterprisesareclearlybetterthanthoseofthenon-foreign-investedindustrialenterprisesandhavehelpedimprovethetechnicalcompetenceandinternationalcompetitivenessofChina’,theaveragerateofcapitalequipmentofChina’,whichwas31p/totalassets,salesrevenue-profitrateandpercapitasalesrevenuewererespectively41percent,11perc,theelectronicandcommunicationsequipmentmanufacturingindustries,thenon-foreign-dustrialenterprises,terpriciencyoftheforeign-investedindustrialent’sindustryaswhole,includingforeign-investedindustrialenterprises,was912,000yuan,whichwas6percenthigherth,salesrevenue-profitrateandpercapitasalerevenueincreasedrespectivelyby8percent,ctronicandcommunicationsequipment,transp,theycouldberegardedastheannualaverageofthelhavemadetangiblecontributionstotheimprovementoftheoveralltechnicalequipmentandinput-outputefficiencyofChina’,itisalsoamanifestationofthetechnology,swheretheproportionofforeign-investedenterprisesishigher,theexportofthe,theindustriesthathavemoreforeigninvestmenthaveastrongerinternationalcompetitivenessandexportadvantageandhencebecomeanimportantfactorforspurringthedevelopmentofChina’sexport-orientedeconomyandustrialpreferenceforlabor-intensiveindustries,andthisstructuralfeaturreign-investedsectorinallforeilytheprocessingindustriesoffinishedproducts,(1)themonopolyindustriesinthestate-ownedeconomicsector;(2)thedomesticindustriesthathavesolidbasesandenjoymarkedcompetitiveadvantages;and(3)theindustriesthatentaillongertimeforin(orthelesscapital-intensive)anindustry,’slabor-intensiveindustriesorthelabor-intensiveprocessinglinksofthecapital-intensiveindustries,whichenjoycomparativeadvantages,,thelevelofiheindustriesnationwidecanbefurtherdividedintotwofactors:theaveragel,theastries,tmentdistribution,,theroleofforeigninvestmentinpromotingstructuralupgradingis,thepreferenceofforeigninvestmentforlabor-intensiveindustriesoffsetsinacertaindegreetheupgradingeffectoft’homecountries(orregions)forindustrialtransfer,theinternationalmarketstrategiesoftransnationalcorporations,,;twoisthemarketaccessrestrictionsontheindustriesofnaturalmonopolyandtheindustriesofspecializedequipmentinthestate-ownedeconomicsector;andthreeistheneglectofthetechnicaltransformationandupgradingofthetraditionalindustries....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.WuJinglianDuringthereformofenterprisesoverthepast20yearsandmore,manyofthelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshavebeentransformedinfluenceofthethinkingof"devolutionofpowerandconcessionofprofitstoenterprises",forinstance,in“TheEconomicReforminContemporaryChina”,abookpublishedatthebeginningofthisyear,thatthe"systemoflegalentitiesatmultiplelevels"isasystemofenterpriseorganizationthathasneverbeenseeninthedevelopedcountriespracticingamarketeconomyandthatithasbeesrightsandtheuseofcoercionagainsteachotherbytheindependenteconomicentitiesinsideacompany,endlessbickeringandfriction,,thesystemwhichwasoriginallydesignedtoarousetheenthusiasmofsubordinateentitieshasended,power,telecommunications,,bytakingthePetroleumCorporation(CNPC)asanexample,wewilldiscusswaysandmethodsforturningexistingcompaniesfollowingthesystemoflegalentitiesatmultiplelevelsintocompanieswithaninstitutionalsystemtob(CNPC)AmajorchallengefacedbytheChinaNationalPetroleumCorporationafteritscreationin1998throughrestructuringofthepetroleumandthepetrochemicalsectorsbytheStateCouncilwashowtoachievethe“integrationoftheupper-streamwiththedown-streamsectors,thedomestictradewithforeigntradeaswellasproductionwithmarketing”forthepurposeofsharpeningthegroupporation,theaverageproductioncostsoftheoilandgasproductionenterprisesofthePetroleumCorporationare30percentabovethoseoftheiroverseascounterparts,andthecostsn,itspetroleumandpeuicklyandeffectivelywillbeakeyfactordetermi/Mobil,thebiggestPetroleumCorporationintheworld,hasatotalnumberof120,,however,,surpassingthetotalnumberoftheemployeesoftheworldtheetroleumcorporationswhereast,thePetroleumCorporationwillhavetopinitshopeofdevelopmentuponexpansion,thefettersofthesystemoflegalentitiesatmultiplelevelsshouldbebroken,andthefoundationthathasproppedupthephenomenaof“all-embracingoperations”inbothbigandsmallpetroleumenterprises,duplicateconstruction,wasteofresources,ncedbythethinkingof“devolutionofpowerandconcessionofprofitstoenterprises”inthereformofenterprises,thelargestate-ownedenterprisesofChinahavedevelopedthesystemoflegalentitiesatmultiplelevels,underwhichcompaniesatalllevels,amanagerasalegalpersonoftheparentcompanycouldmakeinvestmentandestablishasub-companyonhisownacco,therehasdevelopedinthestate-ownedeconomicsectoraphenomenonof"anendlesslineofoffspring’s."Thispracticehascausedthefollowingproblems:,000or3,000,theseparentcompanies,scrambleamongindependenteconomicentitiesforresources,infdertheircontrolandcreatekingdomsoftheirown,eldofbusiness,whileeachentitywithaprofitwouldbecomec,forinstance,someareaswouldratherusesmallgeneratingunitsoftheirownwithhighcostsandheavyconsumprtakeadvantageoftheirpositionandpowertoappropriatepublicpropertiesbyextendingloans,providingguarantees,orexploitingothermeanstonation,somesubordinateswouldbenowheretobefound,carryingwiththemthepropertiesoftheparentcompanies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、DVORGuoLihongandZhangChenghuiOn22October2001,ChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionhastilysuspendedtheInterimManagementMeasuresontheReductionofStateSharestoRaiseS,whichfullyreflectedtheenthusiasmofallwalksoflifeinsocietyonthedevelopmentofChina’,theStateCouncildecidedtostopthepracticeof"share-reductionthroughmarket"forstateshares,,wethinkitisanabsolutelycor,itcorrectedthemistakeinatimelymanner,soth,iteliminatedtheimpactofstatesharereductionandfocusedthenextsteponthebottleneckandsolutiontoChina’sstockmarket–,completecirculationinthestockmarketmeanstoturnthenon-tradablesharesofthelistedcompanies(includingstateshares,legalpersonsharesandinternalemployeeshares)determinedattheirinitiallistingstageintotradableshares,,,,continuouseffo,:First,inthesegregatedmarket,itisimpossibes,therearetwosetsofinterestsassessmentsystemsanddif,themarketpricesforsharesarenotvalueindicatorsofallshareholders,,sellingstatesharesatmarketpricesisnothingelsebutplunderingtheholdersofthetradableshares(seeZhangWeixingandZhangChenghui,"MarketSegregationistheRootofAllProblemsofChinaStockMarket",ResearchReportofDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,,2002).Therefore,,itisalsodifficulttobescientificandfairtoreducestatesharesbasedonotherpricemeasurements(suchasnetassets).For,suchpracticewilleasilyacceleratespeculativemanipulations,andharmboththecommoninvestorsandtheinterestsofthestateshareholder(Forexample,therepresentativesofthestateshareholderscangangupwithspeculatorstoholddownthevalueofnetassetswithillegalmeans,market,whichhavelongbeenpracticedskillfullybyspeculators).Second,statesharereductionis,whichischaracterizedbypartialandlocalreformfirstandcross-the-boardreformlater,maybesuccessfulinotherfields,,thestockmarketishighlyliquidandsensitive,whereatinyproblemofthe"experiment"willgene,withaproportionof2/3,thelargeamountofnon-tradablesharesisliketheswordofDamocleshangingabovetheheadsofinvestors,,asstatesharereductioncannotbecompletedinoneeffort,itwillgiv,,thenon-tradablestateshareswillnotbesoldoutcompletely;orelsethewithdrawingstrategicadjustmentofthestateeconomyandthe"strengtheningcombinedwithwithdrawing",torealizecompletecirculation"statesharereductionthroughmarket"aretwodifferentconcepts,whichshouldnotbemixedtogether,’sstockmarketliesinmarketsegregation,andonlybysolvingtheproblemofcompletecirculationcanotherproblemsofChina’’,relevantdepartmentformulatedprinciplestipulationsontheequivalentsharevalueofstateassetsinthelistedcompanies,thetransferconditionsandthepremiumratesofissuedshares,inordertoguaranteestate,theseambiguousstipulationscreatedsuchcustomaryrulesaslistedbelow.(1)Thesharestructureofthejointstockcompaniesisdefinedtoconsistoffourkindsofshares,namely,thestateshares,legalpersonshares,publicsharesandforeignshares;andtheproportionofthefirsttwokindsofsharesgenerallytakeup2/3ofthetotal.(2)Statesharescannotbetradedfreelyinsecurityexchangeslikepublicshares,andlegalpersonsharescanonlybetransferredamonglegalpersons.(3)Sharepr,whilethepremiumofpubliclytradab,ithastintedChina’sstockmarke(notthemarketforce)astheprincipalforcedominatingthemarket,,itistheadministrativedepartments(insteadofsponsorsoflistedcompanies)whodecideontheequitystructuresofChina’’rightstomaketheirowndecisionsoninvestment,,differentinvestorsenjoydifferentrightsandsharedifferentobligations,thuslayingdowntheunequalbasisattheinitialestablishmentstageofjointstockcompanies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--riodafterChina’sEntryintotheWTOGeYanfengVariouscontradictionsinChina’semploymentsectorhavebecomeextremelydominantinrecentyearsandhaveseriouslyaffectedthecountry’,howChina’semplo,ChinasentryintotheWTOwillbringaboutlastingprosperityofitseconomyandfacilitatetheperfectionofitsmarketeconomicsystem,whichwill,however,afterChinaacceptedatpresent,ChinasentryintotheWTOwill,China’semploymentsituationinthetransitionalperiodafteritsentryintotheWTOdoesnotallowmuchoptimismwhenthecountry,withthegradualbreakingdownoftradebarriers,Chinawillenterastageofeconomicdevelopmentthatismoreopenandinvolvesfiercercompetition,andatremendouschangewilltakeplaceinthemodeofitseconomicgrowth,andontheotherhand,technicaladvancementwillgraduallybecomeamajorforcedrivingupeconomicgrowthan,theroleofGDPgrowthinstimulat’shiddenemploymentwillsurf’sentryintotheWTO,domesticmarketpriceswillfureofagriculture,declineinthepricesoffarmproducewillaffecttheincomeoffarmers,surbanareaswhereenterprisereformhasresultedinadrasticcutofsurpluslaborers,yetsuchsurpluspersonnelinstate-ownedenterprisesandcollectively-ownedtownshipenterprisesstillremainat20%ormoreaccordingtoaconservative’sentryintotheWTOandwiththeintensificationofcompetition,risesexposedtoheavierpressurefromimportcompetition,andthosewithrelative’sentryintotheWTO,thenumberofemployeestob’semberofbigcitiesin1997,andtheanalysisoftherelevantdataandindexesof1997and1998,therealunemploymentrateinurbanareaswasbetween13%and15%in1997and1998whenthenumbersofthejoblessandlaid-offworkerswereincluded.*ThespeedofChinaseconomicgrowthhasnoticeablypickedupsince1999,,therealunemploymentratestillstandsaround10%sentryintotheWTO,unemploymentwillturnfromhiddentovisibletoalargeextent,anditwillbemostpossibletoseeChina’sunemploymentratesurpass15%sentryintotheWTO,itseconomyupplyanddemandoflaborforcesindiff,swiftdevelopmentwillberegisteredinsuchsectorsasfinance,insurance,telecommunications,anddistributionaswellassomehi-techenterprises,,clothing,co,agreatmanycapitalandtechnology-intensiveindustriesthathavebeendevelopedtoboostproductionofimportsubstitutes,suchasmetallurgy,automobile,machine-building,pharmaceutics,andchemicals,mayinevitablysufferandhavetocutemployeesinlargenumberechnicalfoundation,ahigherdegreeofopenness,andobviousregionalsuperioritymayexpecttoseerelativelyfaster,smallandmedium-sizedcitiesinthecentralandwesternregions,wheresmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswithbackwardtechnologyandequipmentareconcentrated,theywillmeetevengreate,state-ownedenterpriseswillhaveamorethornyburdenofredundantemployeesandfaceaheaviertaskofstructuralreadjustmentanddivertingredundantworkersafterChina,thenon-statesectorwillhavemoreroomfor,forseveralyearsafteritsentryintotheWTO,Chinawillbeencounteredwithaverytoughcontradictionofstructuralemployment,andunemploymentwouldbeextraordinarilysevereinspecialindustries,oldindustrialbases,smallandmedium-sizedcitiesincentralandwesternregionsaswelketandbecomeunemployedforlongperiodoftime....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,China’,thisrapidgrow,thefast-growingindustriesthatplayedadrivingroleweremainlylightindustry,,,thefast-growingindustriesweremainlyinfrastructure,basicindustry,,eventhoughthesefast-growingindustrieshadmanyproblemsatthetime,includinginflation,bubbleeconomyandotherseriousproblems,,theseindustriesrespondedtoandspurredthemostextensiveandurgentcons,asindustrialaccessthresholdwasrelativelylowandthemarketwasrelativelyopen,variouscomponentsoft,,theslowdowncanbeinterpretedasavisibledeclineof,therewasaneedtofindanew,internationalexperienceandourcountry’sownpracticalconditionsallindicatethatitisentirelynecessar,theeconomicgrowthintheurbanareasismainlyrelyingontheupgradingofindustrialstructure,,clothingandoutlaytosomeextent,andareseekinghigher-qualitylifeinhousing,transportation,,housing,automobile,machinery,electroniccommunications,buildingmaterialsandurbanandruralinfrastructureconstructionaswellastheserviceindustrythatsupportsproductionandlivingareverylike,therealityisthatmostoft,thewelfare-basedhousingdistributionsystemhasbeenpreliminarilybrokenup,buttheintroductionofthecurrency-basedhousingdistributionsystem,theopeningandnurturingofthesecondaryhousingmarketandthedevelopmentofrelatedfinancialservicesstillfinditdifficulttomoveforwardinmanyplaces,includinginsomelargeandextra-largecities.(Ofcourse,somecitieshavepostedrelativelyfastprogress,whichalsoconstitutedthebasisfortherapidgrowthofthehousingindustryinrecentyears.)Therestrainingconsumptionpolicyandthestrictindustrialaccesspolicyhaveforlongmadethepricesofmostau,coupledwithfundshortage,hasmadetheconsumer,someindustriesorsectorstha,,theso-calledinadequatedomesticdemandcanbeinterpretedas"institutionalinadequatedemand".Underthiscircumstance,theexpectationsofsocialconsumptionandinvestmenthavedeclined,theexistingeconomicandsocialcontradictionsintensified,,thepeasantsarehavinglessopportunitytoenterintonon-farmindustriesandtheurbanareas,bringtheoverallnationaleconomyintoavirtuouscirclewhil,thegreateremploymentpressure,theincreasedemploymentfrictionsandconflictsbetweenurbanandrurallaborforcesandtheincreasednumber,thedeclininginvestmentexpectationhasmadeitmoredifficultfortheenterprises,especiallythesmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,,thefund-raisingdifficultyoftheenterprises,theirfund-raisingdifficultyarisesfromthe"difficultyinfindinggoodprojects"nyproblemsanddifficulties,ntialofthefast-growingindustriesisfullyreleased,,thecentralgovernmentadopted,theeconomicgr,thecentralgovernmentalsoadoptedanumberofpolicymeasuresforthereformofthestate-ownedenterprises,thehousingsystem,thesocialsecuritysystem,andthefinanciofeconomicgrowth,thepolicymd,thispolicycannotcontinueforalongtime,hispolicyOurhopeagainreliesonanewgroupoffast-growing(treasurybonds),thedrivingroleoft,theincreaseofthetotalGDPvolumehasbeenrisingannuallyheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,thebudge,(excludingcollectiveandpersonalinvestments).Secondly,thecollectiveandpersonalinvestmentsintheurbanandruralareas,whichscarcelyhaveanylinkswithtreasurybondsinvestment,,,therealestateinvestment,whichalsohaslittlelinkswithtreasurybondsinvestment,,,inaregionalperspective,theeasternregion,whichislessdependentontreasurybondsinvestment,,whichwas2percentagepointshigherthanthatinthewesternregion....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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